#12 How Did Apollo Moonwalkers Survive 200 F + Temps?

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EARTH RISING”

One of the most universal and famous images in Modern Man’s history.

(NASA Image)

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 ~This story of a one of modern histories most Universal stories is rather long,

…but being that it is the most prevalent universal story in all our lifetimes, and our children’s lifetimes, I present to you, dear truth seeker, an official NASA told story line that makes no sense at all.

Yet it is the official story for over one-half century.

Nearly every picture and storyline presented comes from NASA Image.

Someday down the road… everyone will be saying, “Sure I was one of the first to figure it out….”.. but for now the few, and growing are becoming aware of one hell of a massive lie.

JWL

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The thin atmosphere offers little thermal insulation, so temperatures can drop quickly at night, and rise quickly due to the sun’s radiation during the day.” ..with temps varying from – 225 to + 243 every single day and night”..”The thin atmosphere offers little thermal insulation, so temperatures can drop quickly at night, and rise quickly due to the sun’s radiation during the day. Powerful radiation from sunlight on one side of an object, and shadow on the other will create a large temperature gradient. A “thermal shock” can follow, where different parts of an object thermally expand by different amounts, leading to large potentially failure-inducing strains. The effect of thermal shock is more pronounced in brittle materials such as glass, ceramics or metals below the glass transition temperature (ductile-brittle transition temperature for metals)”.(The Lunar Sourcebook (Heiken, Vaniman, & French, 1991)

Moon Temperatures

NASA’s 144 Page Report on Apollo Space Suits

http://www.hq.nasa.gov/alsj/alsj-EMU1.pdf

 

A Moon suit for walking on the Moon would have to be able to withstand heat. Serious heat! Like that  no human on Earth had ever faced, or placed a foot upon before and survived.

But NASA was good and up to the task, the story goes.

With a no atmosphere Moon, the Sun’s unbridled brightness was at full power. Astronots went into the BBQ spit mode of a rotating craft to keep the cabin evenly temperature controledl so as not to get fried on one side in the ride up and back from Earth.

A Full Moon, as seen from Earth, can light up a mountain trail well enough to hike and see.

Yet, Men on Moon were able to survive the no atmosphere brightness with cool gold visors and themally cooled underwear. The Moon is also a dusty, no water, least reflective color Grey. So with no atmosphere to filtrate that means the Sun on the Moon was really, really bright and really, really hot.

Yet never mind the logic that Man could not survive such conditions, the wealthy elite capitalists from the Industrial Devolution needed a good story, No they needed a great story.

JFK, MLK, RFK, nuked hot bombs over innocents by the U.S. in Japan, cold threatening wars in a Space Race with the hated Communist Russians, who later became our space buddies.

The Seniors of the 60’s wealth elite power source desperately needed their very own 9/11.

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The Space Race accelerates in 1962 by Kennedy, …wait for it…National security. Pictures are shown of him and once a Nazi, always a Nazi, now head of NASA for four years since its inception, Werhner Von Braun. (NASA Image)

 

Wernher Von Braun in 1941.

Operation Paperclip

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Each Apollo ship of men, 17 minus One, barreled some 238,000 miles in a small tin can to, around the Moon, then on the Moon, and back to Earth again in as little as 8 days.

The Command and Lunar modules were an abomination to basic aerodynamic physics, especially the octangular shaped Moon Landing Lunar Module (LM), but no one seemed to care that flying the damn thing had to be nearly impossible to maneuver.

On the Earth, the Moon’s reflection of the Sun is so bright, even through our multi-spheric layers that defuse, can light up a mountain trail to hike by at night it is so reflective.

Yet on the Moons surface, reaching hundreds of degrees because of the no atmosphere Moon to block the solar radiated unfiltered sunlight,  the astronots trucked upon. Six times. Some walking and riding for hours at a time.

The surface would be so hot that moon boots would have to be made in the 1960’s of material that would not melt. Special material gloves would have to also be able to touch instruments and pick up lunar rocks of up to two hundred degrees or more temperature while keeping the fingers cooled.

Astronots of Apollo 11 load up for historic mission to walk on the Moon

The facts are that only one company has ever made all of the Apollo space suits, ILC Dover of Washington D.C.

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 This is what held all the air, water, cooling fridge, meteoroid protector, human waste collectors and communication devices. The suit had 16 layers of material to protect the astronots and not only self-contained but sealed completely from outside heat and cold.

We are also told by NASA, from official collector edition magazines, that “different suits were worn by the astronauts to and from the moon” which means they had to change outfits in their space can.

 We are also told that the entire suit and backpack weighed 185 pounds for Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong.
from Wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_suit

Optional requirements

  • Advanced suits better regulate the astronaut‘s temperature with a Liquid Cooling and Ventilation Garment (LCVG) in contact with the astronaut’s skin, from which the heat is dumped into space through an external radiator in the PLSS.

Additional requirements for EVA include:

As part of astronautical hygiene control (i.e., protecting astronauts from extremes of temperature, radiation, etc.), a space suit is essential for extravehicular activity.

The backpack self-contained cooling system would have to cool the body down over one hundred of degrees, to the finger and toe tips. Air so the astronots could breathe would also be circulating from their backpacks.

The suit would have been so flexible that they could sit in Moonbuggies and even hit a six iron, like Alan Shepard allegedly did.

And deflect tiny objects in space buzzing around in no atmosphere at a NASA calculated 16,777 mph at times.

Toward the end of his walk on the moon during the Apollo 14 mission, astronaut Alan Shepard informed NASA’s Mission Control that he “happened to have” a six-iron golf club, which he had attached to the handle of a lunar scoop. He also had some balls. After a few unsuccessful swings (because of the bulk of his suit, Shepard could only use one hand), he was able to drive one of the balls “for miles and miles and miles.” Upon his return to earth, Shepard donated the club to the U.S. Golf Association. The club pictured above on the right is a replica he gave to the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C.

Communications devices were attached with two way radios and antenna to receive and transmit.

We are told by NASA that the two astronots going to the Moon surface had to change out of their flight suits and change into their much bulkier moonwalking space suits which meant detaching and reattaching tubes, for their excrement’s, oxygen, communicaton and cooling systems.

All within a severely confined small tin can called the Lunar Landing Module or LM which took them to the Moon surface and back to dock with the Command Module awaiting in orbit around the Moon.

 

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Apollo 11 Command Module “Columbia” on display at the Smithsonian Musuem

Apollo 17 Command Module Apollo 17 Command Module “America”. This is the real deal ! This Capsule was launched on December 7, 1972 at 12:33 A.M. attached to a Saturn V rocket. Flew to into lunar orbit on December 11, returned back to earth December 19, 1972 Splashing down approximately 350 miles southeast of the American Samoan Islands at 2:24:59p.m. EST. Recovered by helicopter from the USS Ticonderoga. Total time in space 301 Hrs, 51 Mins, and 59 Sec. This capsule is about the size of a VW Beetle, and it holds three adult men. My 3 year old daughter is a good size comparison, it’s not very large at all.

8/28/2009 Johnson Space Center (Space Center Houston) Nikon D-40 18-55mm Nikkor AF-S lens.

Michael Collins, the command module pilot who stayed in orbit while Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed the lunar model. (Account of first Man on Moon by Daily Mail)

 

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Lunar Module and Landing Craft from Apollo 11 (NASA Image)

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Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong in training for the Apollo 11 mission. Aldrin scoops up. Note the mock space shuttle in the background complete with gold foil wrapping around the exhaust thruster.

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Man on the Moon (NASA image)

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History of the Apollo Spacesuits

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All Space Suits exclusively made by IFC Dover, Owner of Playtex Co.

“Each one of [the spacesuits] was completely handmade – this [was] an utterly couture garment,” de Monchaux told National Public Radio at the time his book was released. “Twenty-one layers of all different kinds of material hand sewn by women who came off the bra and girdle assembly lines. (Source)

“When you look at how Playtex put these suits together, it was this really kind of fabulous combination of, on the one hand some engineering expertise, but on the other hand, an enormous amount of informal knowledge,” remarked de Monchaux.

Unsewn Heroes?

International Latex Corporation (ILC) seamstresses sewing parts in 1967 for the Apollo spacesuits worn on the moon. (MIT Press)

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NASA Space Suits and Magic Men with Ice for Veins

Yet how did they get into and out of their space suits in such cramped quarters?  Look at the LM diagram above from NASA. How tiny was the LM inside where they up to several days while on the moon and traveling back and forth to the Command Module (CM)?.

Now watch this incredible video of BBC Spokesperson in the 1960’s wearing and describing the actual Apollo suit would be wearing on the Moon.

Must Watch to see how impossible the space suits were to get on and off…

Analysis of the wearing of the official space suit.

“After years of practice it only takes the Astronots 5 minutes to put it on and off”.

So the world at the time was being told that it took the astronots years of practice to don the moon suits inside a tiny capsule, while being nearly weightless, in just 5 minutes time.

Really, let’s list the steps involved as described by BBC announcer, Jim Burke

1) Unhook air supply, excrement, communications and coolant tubes and houses. 2) Stow flight suit. Get out Moon suit and accessories. Get out two helmets (Outer and Glass bubble). 3) Get out self-contained back-pack.

4) Put on bulky moon suit with velcro up backside. 5) put on two layers of moon boots. 6) Screw on both gloves. 7) rehook up and attach air supply, excrement, communications and coolant tubes and hoses.

5) Screw on glass helmet and then don outer Moon outer white helmet with velcro at neckline. 6) Stand up, go to hatch and unseal to drop onto ladder to the Moon.

Looking and listening once again at the official video of the “Extra Vehicular Mobile Unit”

1:00    “The suit weighs more than I do”  NASA says the suit weighs some 185 pounds. Look at the guy move No around like 185 pounds on your person is nothing!

1:32 “I will need to get two guys to help me undress” yet astronots did it no problema. Look how light the gloves are which would also be very improbable to cool fingers on 200 F moon temp.

1:54  Technicians remove life support backpack like it was a shell which needed to carry enough to keep alive on the Moon for 4 hours and weighed over 120 pounds.

2:08     “..unscrewing the pressure helmet”, yet it is lifted off by assistants without any only a turn of a notch on front, yet this sealed the entire unit.

3:10 “Lunar outer boot is popped on and strapped”…look how hard technician has to work to unstrap just one boot. Note how outer boot is snapped, so moon dust, air, etc. could easily get inside.

3:38 “Integrated Thermal Meteroite Garment Space Suit keeps the Astronot Warm and protects from meteoric impact”  Warm? the alleged Astronauts were only in the Sun on the Moon. The dark side was never visited.  Space meteroites, even micro meteroids, travel up to 6,000 mph. This suit would protect them (see manufacture of spacesuit layering below).

3:56 “Let’s get this air nozzle undone, undo communication devices, and now you’ll see just how difficult it is for astronots to get the space suit off”.   No explanation needed. It would of been impossible! Note the velcro that held the suit together, the man having to bend over almost to the ground, the struggle, with two men assisting just to pull the suit over his head…all this had to be done to not show the backside of the suit laced up with Velcro. (Note picture of suit on ground face up.)

4:57 “Last suit is an inner liquid cooling garment to protect against overheating during flight…like stepping into a cold shower, according to Astronot Wally Swieker..”.  What about arms, legs and feet getting hot and needing cooling as well? This would mean you would have connect the coolant tubes to something that remains to be seen, shown or talked about.

And finally,how to get rid of pee and poo or “waste products”?

5:38 “liquid waste is whisked away in a permanently attached tube to a metallic reservoir attached here to the stomach” (another tube connection and the liquid held outside the stomach, frozen by the coolant system???!).

“Solid waste is done away with by highly absorbent material much like baby napkins”…..for the entire Mission, they carry their shit on them, over hours and days?
“And that’s it”
Off we go into the wild blue yonder with three of us 165 pounders, space gear, helmets, parachutes, communication devices, ropes, balloons, batteries and electronics in a vehicle the size of a volkswagen bug.
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Yet the technical Toss Limb Suit Asembley of 21 layers was loaded with rubber, cooling systems, meteroid deflectors, layers of aluminum Maylar, yet you’d never know that from the “Official Space Suit to be worn by Apollo 11.
Torso Limb Suit Assembly

Between Apollos 7 and 14, the two lunar module astronauts, the Commander (CDR) and Lunar Module pilot (LMP), had Torso Limb Suit Assemblies (TSLA) with six life support connections placed in two parallel columns on the chest. The 4 lower connectors passed oxygen, an electrical headset/biomed connector was on the upper right, and a bidirectional cooling water connector was on the upper left.

Integrated Thermal Micrometeroid Garment

Covering the Torso Limb Suit Assembly was an Integrated Thermal Micrometeroid Garment (ITMG). This garment protected the suit from abrasion and protected the astronaut from thermal solar radiation and micrometeoroids which could puncture the suit. The garment was made from thirteen layers of material which were (from inside to outside):rubber coated nylon, 5 layers of aluminized Mylar, 4 layers of nonwoven Dacron, 2 layers of aluminized Kapton film/Beta marquisette laminate, and Teflon coated Beta filament cloth.

Additionally, the ITMG also used a patch of “Chromel-R” woven steel (the familiar silver-colored patch seen especially on the suits worn by the Apollo 11 crew) for abrasion protection from the Portable Life Support System (PLSS) backpack. Chromel-R was also used on the uppers of the lunar boots and on the EVA gloves. Finally, patches of Teflon were used for additional abrasion protection on the knees waist and shoulders of the ITMG.

Starting with Apollo 13, a red band of Beta cloth was added to the commander’s ITMG on each arm and leg, as well as a red stripe on the newly–added, EVA central visor assembly. The stripes, initially known as “Public Affairs stripes” but quickly renamed “commander’s stripes”, made it easy to distinguish the two astronauts on the lunar surface and were added by Brian Duff, head of Public Affairs at the Manned Spacecraft Center, to resolve the problem for the media as well as NASA of identifying astronauts in photographs.[5]

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And where exactly did they stow away these two moon suits, gloves, outer boots, back packs and three helmets on the LM tin can? Note the seats had to fold up to make room. (There are no pictures I could find of any interior shots of the actual LM, which is strange in itself.)

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Apollo 11 changing room?

This undated image obtained from NASA shows Astronaut Neil A. Armstrong training
This undated image obtained from NASA shows Astronaut Neil A. Armstrong, commander for the Apollo 11 Moon-landing mission, training for the historic event in a Lunar Module simulator in the Flight Crew Training Building at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
http://phys.org/news/2012-08-apollo-giant-mankind-cold-war.html#jCp

 

Astronauts Neil Armstrong and David R. Scott sit with their spacecraft hatches open while awaiting the arrival of the recovery ship, the USS Leonard F. Mason, after the successful completion of their 1966 Gemini 8 mission. Pic: NASA

Snug as a bug in a rug as you can see the astronots packed into the ship.

Neil Armstrong and David Scott await recovery after the 1966 Gemini 8 mission. Pic: NASA

 

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R.I.P. Neil Armstrong Memorialized for all to know the historical narrative of his Moonsuit, the American Flag, his first on the Moon Footprint, and The Great Lie he took to his grave with him.

 The commander, who died on Saturday aged 82, had another now famous remark prepared for the moment more than two hours later when he jumped from a short ladder onto the lunar surface, the first human ever on an alien world.

“That’s one small step for (a) man, one giant leap for mankind,” he said.

Twenty minutes later, he was joined by Aldrin and the pair spent 21 hours on the moon’s rocky and powdery surface, marveling at a view of Earth that no one had seen before, and gathering rocks as samples for study.

One of the most gone viral videos in recent years was that some guy in a black shirt was chasing a bunch of astronots around trying to get them to swear on his bible that they did in fact walk on the moon.

Eugen Cernan finally did, yet that proves nothing.

See Lance Armstrong.

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Righting Spheres and Recovery Balls

So after the Great Journey to the Moon and back not only making it to the Moon going through the Van Allen Belts into the Solar radiated no atmosphere, no Earth cacoon, almost weightless space, with three suit changes over the 8 days, out and back, you have to change out of your flight suit once again in the “Biological Isolation Garments”, according to the curator of the Apollo exhibit at the Smithsonian.

The BIG, (I just got that…),was said by the narrator below, to have been needed to keep out “moon germs” This was not their final wardrobe change however.

Apollo 11 crew in 21 day quarantine visited by President Dick Nixon, complete with Presidential seal.

They were then put in a decontaminate chamber unit (which looks like a portable mobile home of the time) aboard the USS Hornet Destroyer with Dick Nixon, and then came out for their fourth, and final, wardrobe change on the flight deck of the USS Hornet Destroyer 21 days later while the world waited, and waited, and waited to salute their new heroes.

Oh, but first they must get hit once again with decontamination spray…

Flags, parades, feeling of superiority all reigned in a new era of Man’s existence. Biblically, as well as commercially. The pride of well being was overwhelming, except if you were Black, or Native American, or poor and seeing useless money spent on greed, arrogance and lies.

“”Take that Russia, “Checkmate Russki” on the Space Race for the last 12 years time. USA USA USA.

and it’s been that story ever since.

“well basically they came up to the craft and knocked on the door….”

SPLASH, BOOM, YEA TEAM

Splashdown
The last splashdown for all Apollo missions, Apollo 17, was made for TV (NASA Image)
How much storage is needed for the three 60 ft. + parachute ropes and major chutes (while necessarily needing a pilot chute as well!) that was said to have come out of the small nose cone of the craft?
Would a tin can of heavy metal, with three spacemen weighing over 400 pds,  and all their instruments, garbs and accoutrements, while dropping at terminal velocity in free fall speed like WTC 11 from the sky…
… after the alleged lunar command space craft then came through all the Sphere’s in its oddly shaped to even be able to fly craft….through the Ionoshpheres, Stratospheres and Topospheres and the deadly Van Allen belts, who Jim Van Allen himself said no one could survive and not get deadly radiation…..
Not only was the command module of Apollo coming down Mach haste and dealing with so many frigging spheres while heating the tin can so hot it burnt tiles off the rentry base, that they also had to contend with reentry into an Earth that was spinning on its axis at over 1,000 mph….
…hurtling and burning and splashing down back and butt first literally without killing themselves as they hit the boiler plate Pacific Ocean.
For 16 missions and 9 Gemini missions, no one so much as broke a finger nail upon rentry and splashdown sequences.
The Illuminati love good theatre, they really do.
Gemini 10 splashdown on 21 July 1966. Pic: NASA
Gemini 10 splashdown on 21 July 1966. Pic: NASA
Back to our history, story….. to be slowed by three very, very large parachutes, which could not fit nowhere, no how… (with the three recovery balls and righting spheres in addition?) inside that little tin can of a craft.
Look at the nose cone area from the diagram above. Look how much allotment the gave to fit 6 floats, chutes and ropes!

…all firing of chute release hatches, rope deployments pulled out by drone chute, followed by three huge main shuts that must of been one hell of a jolt when deployed, then banging down onto the water or else the parades would all have to all be cancelled and the heroes made the butt of jokes like:

“Where did Buzz and Neil spend their last day?””All over the Pacific Ocean”     ~ Adapted from a Challenger joke

So this sky falling sinking anvil that is the Apollo 11 Command Module is slowed so perfectly, just enough to not break all three of the their newly instant hero minted, freemason card carrying, backs

…over 17 missions and splash downs so perfect in where they splashed down that live telecast feeds form ABC, CBS and NBC could broadcast around the globe live.

Damn, these guys at NASA are good!
Apollo 17 Splashdown (s10trav) Tags: nasa apollo apollo17

Much of the official story is by using combined footages of craft, some comical. Bright Gold siding on one picture in the video, a dark brown skin on the one above in the water yet burnt brown siding of “actual” CM Apollo 11 craft displayed in the Smithsonian.

Official NASA Image of Apollo 11 craft in water being rescued by Navy Seals

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And then there is the Righting Spheres and Recovering Balls that also had to fit in the tiny nose cone along with the ropes, parachutes as well as providing for docking entry/exit hatch to climb through to get to Lunar Module and back??  really?

Apollo 11 Command Module “Columbia” on display at the Smithsonian Musuem

Apollo 17 Command Module Apollo 17 Command Module “America”. This is the real deal ! This Capsule was launched on December 7, 1972 at 12:33 A.M. attached to a Saturn V rocket. Flew to into lunar orbit on December 11, returned back to earth December 19, 1972 Splashing down approximately 350 miles southeast of the American Samoan Islands at 2:24:59p.m. EST.

Recovered by helicopter from the USS Ticonderoga. Total time in space 301 Hrs, 51 Mins, and 59 Sec. This capsule is about the size of a VW Beetle, and it holds three adult men. My 3 year old daughter is a good size comparison, it’s not very large at all.

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NASA and the Mysterious Space Suit Manufactures at ILC Dover, foremerly known as Laytex.

ILC Dover, LP (also known as ILC) is an American special engineering development and manufacturing company based in Frederica, Delaware. ILC specializes in the use of high-performance flexible materials, serving the aerospace, personal protection, and pharmaceutical industries.

Best known for making space suits for NASA, ILC outfitted every United States astronaut in the Apollo program, including the twelve that walked on the moon. ILC also designed and manufactured the Space Suit Assembly portion of the Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU), worn by astronauts during performance of extra-vehicular activity (EVA) on Space Shuttle missions and on the International Space Station.

Other ILC products include the airbag landing devices for Mars Pathfinder and Mars Exploration Rover (MER) missions; lighter-than-air vehicles, including airships, aerostats, and zeppelins; chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) masks and hood systems; and flexible powder-containment solutions for the pharmaceutical industry.

Keep coming back to that Nazi Germany connection thing…

Since the early 1970s, ILC has been designing and manufacturing softgoods structures for aerostats, airships, blimps, and other lighter-than-air (LTA) structures. ILC is the world’s largest producer of modern aerostat and airship envelopes.[5][18]

Airships and blimps

Airships and blimps are used for a variety of applications including transport and tourism; advertising; and surveillance. ILC’s airship products are used by the U.S. military, the American Blimp Corporation, and Zeppelin Luftschifftechnik GmbH (Germany).[18][19]

Int’l Space Station (ISS) Shuttle Suits

The space suit used for EVA during shuttle missions is the Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU), which has two parts: the space suit assembly (SSA), manufactured by ILC, and the life support system (LSS), manufactured by Hamilton Sundstrand (previously Hamilton Standard). The SSA is made of individual components which are assembled to fit each astronaut. Since the first shuttle EVA in 1983, 216 U.S. astronauts have performed a total of 74 shuttle EVAs, combining for greater than 470 hours in space.[12][14][15]

Skylab

Alan Bean wearing a Skylab A7L during a Skylab 3 EVA

For the three manned Skylab missions, all three astronauts wore a slightly modified A7LB suit for launch, docking, undocking, and EVA. The suit had a simplified and less expensive Integrated Thermal and Micrometeroid Garment (ITMG), and a simpler and less expensive extravehicular visor assembly.[7]

. (source)

 After donning the LCVG, the astronaut then puts on the LTA, before entering the airlock. The astronaut then dons the HUT, connects the LCVG umbilical to the umbilical in the HUT, and then locks the two parts of the suit together using the Body Seal Closure.
Once the suit is turned on and checked out, the astronaut dons a “Snoopy cap”, a brown and white fabric communications cap dating back to the Apollo days, which incorporates a pair of earphones and microphones, allowing the EVA astronaut to communicate with both the crew members in the orbiter and ground controllers in Houston.
After donning the “Snoopy cap”, the gloves and helmet are then locked on, pressurizing the suit. The suit’s regulator and fans activate when the servicing umbilicals are removed and the suit reaches an internal pressure of 4.3 psi (30 kPa). A typical EMU can support an astronaut for 8.5 hours, with 30 minutes of reserves in the case of primary life support failure. To perform an EVA from the shuttle, the cabin pressure was reduced from 14.7 psi to 10.2 psi for 24 hours, after which an astronaut had to pre-breathe for 45 minutes.[1] For EVAs on board the ISS, the astronaut must pre-breathe for about four hours.[1]
Testing of new space suit components at ILC Dover, in Frederica, Del. The test subject is Kim Landis, shown donning the suit with the help of fellow testers Tom Sylvester, Ron Pippin and Brett Sampson. Landis is required to go through more than 800 repetitions of various movements in an attempt to wear out parts of the suit. Only a very few are shown here. Once Landis is done, another one of the testers takes her place.

Manufacturer: ILC Dover (suit), Hamilton Standard (primary life support systems) and NASA (SAFER)[1]

Missions: 1998 to present[1]

Function: orbital extra-vehicular activity[1]

EVA suit weight: 122 lb (55.3 kg)[1]

Total shuttle EVA suit weight: 275 lb (124.7 kg)[1]

Total ISS EVA suit weight: 319 lb (145 kg)[1]

Primary life support: 8 hours (480 minutes)[1]

Backup life support: 30 minutes[1]

 

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Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kotov (Expedition 22 flight engineer) participate in a EVA at the International Space Station in Jan. 2010.

 

Or a real life try on of a Russia space suit.

 

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“I really gotta go pee and my reservoir is full up!”

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Odds n’ Ends
First Pictures Provide from NASA from the Apollo 11 Moon Landing
.”Hey Buzz, Where’s Your Radio Transmitting/Receiving Antenna??” said Neil, “And Buzz, what are those wire cords doing on the set, er Moonscape in the lower left corner of this shot?”
“oh thanx Neil!, says Buzz, “I must of left around the LM when I stepped off”. “Not sure on the wire cabling”, replies his cohort in the scene, “we must notify CGI right away”.
 Official Lunar Outer Boots to walk on 200+ surface while keeping toes cooled. Rubber bottoms would melt under the heat. Buckle and adjustment straps are commercial and cheesy looking. Top enclosure would allow space dust, heat to enter and coolant and air to escape.
Note how there was never a cuff air lock seal for the feet shown anywhere?

Buzz, ya got some explainin’ to do…

 

Moon Landing
 and the story goes…..

Right after the landing, Buzz kind of surprised everyone and pulled out a tiny communion set. Right there on the surface of the Moon, he took the Catholic rite of communion while Neil presumably kicked himself for not thinking of that first.

Moon Landing
 and another story goes…

As the guys were getting ready to lift off of the Moon to go back home, Buzz noticed something important was amiss. A switch from a kind of important circuit breaker had fallen out — the breaker that allowed the Lunar Lander (LEM) to take off from the Moon. In a moment that would make MacGyver jealous, Buzz found the hole where the breaker used to be and jammed a pen in there to complete the circuit.

Richard Goddard, father of American Rockets, gave his blessing that air was not needed for fuel to reach outer space.

Moon Landing

In 1920, Dr. Robert H Goddard published a paper that said a liquid-fueled rocket could take someone to the Moon. Solid-fuel rockets needed air to work, which space has none of. Goddard said his new engine would do it.

In an editorial, the New York Times said Goddard was full of it, rockets can’t work in a vacuum and that Goddard “seems to lack the knowledge ladled out daily in high schools.”

12 thoughts on “#12 How Did Apollo Moonwalkers Survive 200 F + Temps?

  1. jwlpeace September 16, 2015 at 9:16 pm Reply

    I’ll just leave this here because it’s been bothering me for about a month now. If someone can explain this other than my understanding I’d appreciate it.

    The pressure in an EMU/EVA space suit is set at 4.3psi. The eqv to the pressure at ten feet underwater in a pool (.433psi/ft normal water). The training suits used in the NBL pool are also set at 4.3 psi to match so that the training simulates space movement.

    The pressure in the ISS is set to the same as sea level (14.7psi) hence the astronots have to decompress when coming back in (the same as if they’d just spent hours underwater at 4.3psi and vice versa for leaving/purging).

    At about 3psi the fluid in the body would start to boil and solidify in microgravity as it would in water of the same pressure.

    The speed and declination of the ISS over the earth has no effect on this pressure against the suit outside. As if it isn’t moving. As if they were stationary. But they’re not. The ISS is supposedly moving at 5 miles per second. As soon as they left the station it would fly away from them surely? You’re no longer a part of it? Like jumping from a train, no? Even tethered wouldn’t you be dragged along? And when they drop stuff (which their videos show all the time. An entire tool bag in one video) without air resistance do these objects not become hurtling missiles, jeopardising everything in their path? Have you ever seen how ships dock with the ISS? They actually supposedly have to go four minutes faster than 5 miles per second and then do a U-turn and wait for the ISS to catch up at which point they ‘brake’ until they become level. Right.

    This docking procedure would be as dramatic as Interstellar but they do it with ease constantly, and don’t get hit by that tool bag.

    Back to the suits.

    The suits in space operate in the same pressure as under 10ft of normal water because that’s what the suit in the pool is set to?

    Why is 4.33psi the magic number to enable mobility in space which just happens to also be the same psi used to work with mobility around ten feet underwater? Which came first? Chicken/egg. That’s the bit I can’t get my head round.

    And why are the Russian-Chinese suits set at a different psi (5.7)? Because they work at different depths?

    A weighted suit in the NBL pool is set at 4.3psi to simulate movement in space. The exact same pressure required to operate said suit at 10-20ft under water is the same as required in space (moving at thousands of miles per hour/constantly descending). Chicken/egg.

    In water 6-10psi in the suit and you can’t move. Below 4.3 you start to float up and at 3 you start to boil.

    The suit in space is set at 4.3psi. The exact same pressure required to operate effectively at 10-20ft under water.

    Repeat this:

    The suit in the NBL pool is set at 4.3psi to simulate movement in space. The EVA suit is set at 4.3psi to correspond to the training in the pool. Chicken/egg.

    The exact same level required for moving and not rising or falling in 10-20ft of normal water is the same level required for movement in space. But the Russian/Chinese suits (the Chinese use Russian suits) operate at 5.7 psi.

    Say it again and again until you have to lie down or get up and tell someone else. I’m not declaring anything other than I don’t understand why or how the pressure in the two environments corresponds and why are the Russian/Chinese suits different? Shouldn’t they be the same in the same environment? Help!

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  2. shauni December 14, 2015 at 8:52 am Reply

    In order to test whether or not rockets would work in a vacuum just put some firworks in a vacuum chamber. The results will be undisputable.

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    • jwlpeace December 15, 2015 at 1:22 am Reply

      my buddy came up with another simple experiment. NASA claims space is a vacuum. they even created a vacuum chamber to show a bowling ball and feather will all at the same speed. However if you take a book and a envelope and drop them, the book will hit the floor first. Now, put the letter on top of the book and drop it. The book and letter fall at the exact same speed because the book is creating the vacuum….

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  3. TheEnd January 2, 2016 at 7:25 pm Reply

    The book is not creating a vacuum. This is utter rubbish and you should be embarrassed to state this on a public forum where an actual scientist might see it. Of course, rockets work in vacuum, it is a simple application of Newtons 3rd Law. Expelling mass in one direction will cause the remaining mass to move in the other direction. Try holding onto a fire hose while it is operating. It is the same principle. A firework won’t work in vacuum because it needs oxygen to combust. Rocket fuels (these days) carry liquid oxygen with them or use combustible materials that do not require oxygen (and there are plenty of them).

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  4. andyinkuwait January 2, 2016 at 7:32 pm Reply

    The pressure in an EVA suit is not set at 4.3psi because this is not the pressure underneath 10ft of water. You have to add on atmospheric pressure. Hence, the total pressure is 19psi underneath 10ft of water. It would not require decompression to return to 14.7 psi.

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  5. andyinkuwait January 2, 2016 at 7:35 pm Reply

    BTW Rockets can very easily work in vacuum if they take the oxidant with them (don’t use gaseous oxygen). They do this and work quite efficiently. There are plenty of chemicals that can combust without using atmospheric oxygen as the chemical oxidant.

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  6. andyinkuwait January 2, 2016 at 7:50 pm Reply

    Correction to my above comment. You are correct that the suit is set to about 4.7psi which is the partial pressure of oxygen in the atmosphere required for respiration. The astronauts breathe pure oxygen so it is important that the partial pressure is the same as the partial pressure at the surface of the Earth. It is about the same pressure as cabin pressure in an airliner (0.78 of normal pressure). They have to pre breathe the pure oxygen atmosphere to flush out nitrogen from the system so decompression sickness is not an issue. They do not need to decompress because of this after their EVA. With regard to relative speeds. You move at the same speed as the bus when you step off. The only reason you don’t STAY at this speed, on Earth, is because of a different value of air resistance on you compared to the bus which will immediately slow you down as you are not powered and actively fighting air resistance. In space, there is no air resistance so this doesn’t happen. Realtive speeds remain the same so you and the craft are stationary relative to each other.

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  7. andyinkuwait January 2, 2016 at 8:02 pm Reply

    Also higher pressures than 4.7psi can be used and this makes respiration easier but it also means the pressure difference between the suit and hard vacuum is higher so the suit needs to be stronger. There is a balance that needs to be made for this. It certainly is nothing to do with Russians/Chinese using, somehow, different science. It is simply that the pay off for their crews being able to work longer in EVA is for them to make significantly stronger suits, Take your choice.

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  8. Haywood J May 8, 2016 at 2:26 pm Reply

    As soon as the suit gets hit with solar radiation the surface of the suit becomes heated to 200F+. Being white does not reflect all this heat. The surface was -200F during the lunar night so it takes a while to heat up in the lunar dawn. But the suit was at 60F prior to moon walk and so it begins to heat up right away. There is no atmosphere for a radiator to move heat out of the suit. AC here on earth works by heat transfer to the air. This would not work on the moon. The only way for heat to leave the suit would be ejecting hot water which we never see. Apollo 17 did an 8 hr moonwalk. No way they could stay cool that long. This is just one of a hundred things that don’t pass the smell test on surviving on the moon.

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    • glen331985 January 6, 2017 at 4:19 pm Reply

      It seems like your conclusion is based entirely on extreme ignorance of basic science. By what form of magic do you propose a highly reflective space suit would be heated to 200F+ during a relatively short EVA? You also seem to be unaware that the part of the suit that’s not in direct sunlight will be radiating that heat away leading to an equilibrium. You seem to have made it half way in understanding the sublimation cooling system, what you seem to be unaware of is that in the vacuum of space water will sublimate, you don’t see hot water being ejected because it turns to water vapour almost immediately. Apollo doesn’t pass the smell test only to people who were asleep during high school physics class.

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      • Cam111 April 26, 2017 at 5:07 am

        By what form of magic do you propose a ‘highly reflective space suit’ uses to violate the high school physics textbook and not overheat based on the data NASA makes available to use regarding the environment the the astronaut was in??? I guess it’s the ‘highly reflective’ part!

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  9. lujoventilator May 7, 2017 at 11:53 pm Reply

    very nice style of writing it was pleasure to read truth will win greetings from croatia https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UPUF1fXcC-0&t=15s

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