Category Archives: antarctica

Flat Earth EVOLUTION OF MAPS

EVOLUTION OF MAPS

Map making has been an integral part of human history for thousands of years. It is believed that the human activity of graphically representing one’s perception of his world is a universally acquired skill and one that pre-dates virtually all other forms of written communication. From cave paintings to ancient maps of Babylon, Greece, and Asia, right into the 21st century, people have created and used maps as the essential tools to help them define, explain, and navigate their way through the world. Mapping represented a significant step forward in the intellectual development of human beings and it serves as a record of the advancement of knowledge of the human race, which could be passed from members of one generation to those that follow in the development of culture.

Early maps were a garbled mass of land that bear no resemblance to the actual world. As the centuries passed, maps became larger, more detailed and more accurate. Sometimes historic maps had strange things drawn on them, such as unidentified objects in the sky, “creatures” in the sea, and even land masses that were never known to exist.

6th Century BCE

Baylonianmaps

The earliest surviving map of the world is one prepared by the Babylonians 600 years before the birth of Jesus. It shows Babylon surrounded by a circular landmass showing several cities such as Assyria, Urartu and others. They in turn are surrounded by a “bitter river” (Oceanus), with seven islands arranged around it so as to form a seven-pointed star. The accompanying text mentions seven outer regions beyond the encircling ocean.

 

 

The Babylonian world map is believed to be symbolic, rather than a literal representation of the world. It deliberately omits peoples such as the Persians and Egyptians, who were well known to the Babylonians. The area shown is depicted as a circular shape surrounded by water, which fits the religious image of the world in which the Babylonians believed.

5th Century BCE

Anaximander_world_map

Anaximander (c. 610 – 546 BCE) is credited with having created one of the first maps of the world, which was circular in form and showed the known lands of the world grouped around the Aegean Sea at the center. This was all surrounded by the ocean.

4th Century BCE

Hecataeus_world_map

Based on Anaximander’s map of the world, Hecataeus of Miletus (c. 550 – 476 BCE) a Greek historian created a new map. Accompanying the map, which he published in his two volume work entitled Ges Periodos (“Travels round the Earth” or “World Survey’), Hecataeus described the regions of the world reaching as far north as Scythia in the north and Asia on the east. Hecataeus described the countries and inhabitants of the known world, the account of Egypt being particularly comprehensive.

2nd Century BCE

Mappa_di_Eratostene

The next major contribution to cartography came from Eratosthenes, one of the legendary map makers of the ancient world, born in 276 BC in Cyrene, presently situated in Libya. Eratosthenes created several maps of the world which featured the countries of Great Britain, India and Sri Lanka. Eratosthenes was also the first geographer to incorporate parallels and meridians within his cartographic depictions, attesting to his understanding of the spherical nature of the earth.

1st Century BCE

Posidonius

A century later, Greek philosopher Posidonius (c. 150 – 130 BCE) published a work “about the ocean and the adjacent areas”. This work was not only an overall representation of geographical questions according to current scientific knowledge, but it served to popularize his theories about the internal connections of the world, to show how all the forces had an effect on each other and how the interconnectedness applied also to human life, to the political just as to the personal spheres.

Posidonius also measured the Earth’s circumference by reference to the position of the star Canopus. His measure of 240,000 stadia translates to 24,000 miles, close to the actual circumference of 24,901 miles.

1st Century AD

Pomponius_Mela

Roman geographer Pomponius Mela proposed a unique map of the world on the year 43 AD. He divided the earth into five zones, of which two only were habitable. He asserted that antichthones, people inhabiting the southern temperate zone, are inaccessible to the folk of the northern temperate regions due to the unbearable heat of the intervening torrid belt. On the divisions and boundaries of Europe, Asia and Africa, he repeats Eratosthenes; like all classical geographers from Alexander the Great (except Ptolemy) he regards the Caspian Sea as an inlet of the Northern Ocean, corresponding to the Persian and Arabian (Red Sea) gulfs on the south.

2nd Century AD

PtolemyWorldMap

In circa 150, the great mathematician, astronomer, geographer, and astrologer Ptolemy created the first map that used longitudinal and latitudinal lines. His ideas of a global coordinate system revolutionized medieval Islamic and European geographical thinking and put it upon a scientific and numerical basis.

(more)

Flat Earth theory unveils all lies

FE Newbie Tries to Awaken, but Can’t “Go There”, yet.

Guy lays out only a few basics and then tries, with lame arguments as to why FE theory is wrong…still puts some good dots together…

(Fyi, Flat Earth Society and ED are shills, but credit for leading out the FE Movement).

On the Flat Earth Conspiracy Theory

Flat Earthers believe those who advocated (and advocate) a spherical earth either erred or were part of a conspiracy to keep the truth of a flat earth hidden. Evidence that the world is round is either wrong or fake.

Were a Flat Earther to venture outward (on the disc) and encounter Antarctica/the ice wall, he or she could travel along the coast and traverse, if flat earth theory is correct, 78,540 miles before reaching the starting point again.

If only there were individuals from multiple nations, some independent of governments, who over centuries had circumnavigated Antarctica to reveal its true dimensions!

Individuals like James Cook of England (1772-1775), Thaddeus Bellingshausen of Russia (1819-1821), John Biscoe of England (1830-1833), Hjalmar Rilser-Larsen and Nils Larsen of Norway (1930-1931), David John and William Carey of England (1931-1933), Lars Christensen and Klarius Mikkelsen of Norway (1933-1934), Leonard Hill of England (1937-1939), Nikolay Elin and Roman Panchenko of Russia (1982-1983), Joseph Smith of the United States (1982-1983), Peter Golikov of Russia (1996-1997). The latter was a tourist ship, a cruise.

One could also study people like Jon Sanders of Australia (1982) or Fedor Konyukhov of Russia (2008), men who circumnavigated the south pole alone, nonstop and unassisted.

Or perhaps a Flat Earth theorist could investigate (and join in) the Antarctica Cup, a yacht race around Antarctica. People who circumnavigate the continent are alive and available to interview.

Each circumnavigation revealed the same thing: Antarctica is roughly 11,160 miles in circumference (with sea ice extending out several thousand miles more). Not 78,540. If it was an ice wall around the disc, the diameter of the world would have to be not 25,000 miles, but rather 3,550.

That’s about the distance from New York to France.

Also, though Ernest Shackleton’s famous 1915 attempt to cross the continent on foot failed, explorers succeeded after him. Britain’s Vivian Fuchs and New Zealand’s Edmund Hillary succeeded (1957-1958), as did Boerge Ousland of Norway (1997), Cecilie Skog and Ryan Waters of Norway (2010), and Felicity Aston of Britain (2012).

Conspiracy theorists could cross it themselves, if they so decided (they commonly say it’s too heavily guarded by government militaries, an exaggeration that also assumes governments are devoting the massive resources to and effectively protecting a 78,540 mile strip).

But one might suppose they would insist “crossing” the continent would in reality be a manipulation, nothing more than traversing a rounded protrusion in the ice wall. Perhaps a yacht would be a better idea.

south pole

via National Geographic

Flat Earthers could of course say all the voyages of the past two centuries were a grand hoax, akin to the alleged moon landing hoax of 1969, but there is of course no evidence for this.

Each person involved would have had to either be silenced with perfect efficiency (upon discovering the world is flat and enclosed in an ice wall) or an agent intimately involved in a multinational conspiracy to hide the truth from all.

Flat Earth Documentary Collection

For your files…

Flat earth documentary collection

Antarctic Circle Travel Ban Enacted. Why? What is going on Around Us

NEW Antarctica Travel Ban ENFORCED to Hide Flat Earth’s Dome Firmament!!

Why did John Kerry go to Antarctica?

John Kerry’s Antarctica visit highlights a continent, and climate policies, under threat

Why did Obama go to Antarctica?

Why Obama’s Going to Antarctica, Something Strange Happening

Why did Putin go to Antarctica after meeting Castro?

Russia: Vladimir Putin eyes South Pole and Antarctic expansion

Sage of Quay Radio – Jamie Lee – The Flat Earth Revolution

 

Mike and I had a blast making this show and interview. I have not listened to it yet because I get tired of my own voice…I’m sure some of you can relate, but the message needs to get out to the masses nonetheless.

My First FE book will be out in two weeks. I will be releasing another Chapter and final chapter soon here. I will offer purchasing 25% discounts through this site plus shipping, no handling fees. If you would like first copies with discount, signed or whatever, please email me @ jwlpeace@gmail.com.

Thanx for all the support

fe-front-book-cover-final-10-4

 

 

FE on the US Dollar Bill Created in 1933?

Excellent FE Investigation, discovery and independent thought and research.  Start at 5:20 or so to get to the real interesting possibilities.

And if you aren’t aware that the Current-Sea we carry in our pockets and pants, isn’t casting Spells, then please view this. learn the folding patterns, and by showing how this works, you break the spell cast (Sigil) on those that you show the 9/11 on US dollars based on maritime water.

(cash flow, deposit slip, river bank, frozen assets, etc.)

Revisionist History # 11; Rethink 9/11 ’cause it’s right on the money!