#19 How Did Gemini and Apollo Crews Not Break Their Backs on Splashdown?

Splashdown

The last Apollo mission, Apollo 17, televised for splash down.

The Apollo 17 spacecraft reentered Earth’s atmosphere and landed safely in the Pacific Ocean at 2:25 pm, 6.4 kilometers (4.0 mi) from the recovery ship, the USS Ticonderoga. Cernan, Evans and Schmitt were then retrieved by a recovery helicopter and were safely aboard the recovery ship 52 minutes after landing. (Source)

At what speed could those three extremely large parachutes slow the Apollo and Gemini tin cans weighing some 45,000 pounds that severe injury would not occur when impacting the ocean?

If the parachutes did not deploy at the perfect altitude, to slow to the perfect speed and land assbackwards, all returning space heroes inside would be killed or seriously injured. Yet after ten Gemini splashdowns and and 17 Apollo splashdowns, no one ever reported breaking a finger nail, much less dying due upon impact with the hard, flat ocean, or lines getting tangled, or chutes not deploying properly, or entry speeds missed.

We also look into the absolute impossibility that the tiny Apollo nose cone could of held the three large re-entry parachutes, two drogue chutes that lead out the main chutes, hundreds of feet of parachute rope and righting buoyancy balloons in a tiny craft holding three men measuring 10 ft wide by 8 ft. tall.

Reentry into the Earth’s atmosphere at 25,000 mph, or about Mach 30, according to NASA, then slowed down starting at 25000 ft. , the drogue chutes are deployed, then at 10,000 ft. the three main chutes come out.

Back ass first they go into the Big Splashdown, and the largest surface of the craft is what is designed to impact first, a 10 foot circle of solid metal surface. hmmm.

Check out Apollo 15 “official footage” of splashdown. Note one chute not deployed as well as the severe amount of impact when hitting the ocean.  Those astronots backs would have hit a tremendous blow of flat, heavy metal hitting flat hard ocean.

 

OUCH!

think of what would be the 3 astronot’s body position on impact. Head and back first.

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Earth landing system

The components of the ELS were housed around the forward docking tunnel. The forward compartment was separated from the central by a bulkhead and was divided into four 90-degree wedges. The ELS consisted of three main parachutes, three pilot parachutes, two drogue parachute motors, three upright bags, a sea recovery cable, a dye marker, and a swimmer umbilical.

(~ note how no mention of the three 60 ft. + parachute ropes is included in this storage scenario, as well as any pictures from NAZA that showed how it all fit in the tiny tin can called Apollo)

The Command Module’s center of mass was offset a foot or so from the center of pressure (along the symmetry axis). This provided a rotational moment during reentry, angling the capsule and providing some lift (a lift to drag ratio of about 0.368[4]).

The capsule was then steered by rotating the capsule using thrusters; when no steering was required, the capsule was spun slowly, and the lift effects cancelled out. This system greatly reduced the g-force experienced by the astronauts, permitted a reasonable amount of directional control and allowed the capsule’s splashdown point to be targeted within a few miles. (Source)

Apollo 11 Command Module “Columbia” on display at the Smithsonian Museum

Note the nose cone!

How did it fill all this in such a tiny space, look how big those chutes are fully deployed (above), plus three huge chutes of red and white (see above), plus accompanying rope of 60 + foot in length X 3, plus two drogue chutes to pull out the big  chutes out , plus three good size self righting buoyancy spheres. recovery cable, dye marker and swimmer umbilical???

All three parachutes, lines , two drogue chutes, dye marker, docking cable and emergency umbilical cord fit somewhere undefined by NASA in that nose cone. (NASA Image)

Splashdown

Really!!! Look how big the chutes are compared to the Apollo 17 craft. It all fit in the nose cone?

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 Where are the lines boys?… hmmm

Astronauts Neil Armstrong and David R. Scott sit with their spacecraft hatches open while awaiting the arrival of the recovery ship, the USS Leonard F. Mason, after the successful completion of their 1966 Gemini 8 mission. Pic: NASA

Neil Armstrong and David Scott await recovery after the 1966 Gemini 8 mission. Pic: NASA

How did these guys get so clean shaven after eight days in space?

…and where are the tangled chute lines and chute??

Three of these inside the nose cone?

Main parachute deployment bag. All of the hardware displayed here was compressed and packed into this small bag via a special ram. When the pilot chute is mortar deployed, it extracts the main chute. The deployment bag was inverted as a result .

Main parachute deployment bag. All of the hardware displayed here was compressed and packed into this small bag via a special ram. When the pilot chute is mortar deployed, it extracts the main chute. The deployment bag was inverted as a result

One of three main chutes.

At 24,000 feet (7.3 km) the forward heat shield was jettisoned using four pressurized-gas compression springs. The drogue parachutes were then deployed, slowing the spacecraft to 125 miles per hour (201 km/h). At 10,700 feet (3.3 km) the drogues were jettisoned and the pilot parachutes, which pulled out the mains, were deployed.

These slowed the CM to 22 miles per hour (35 km/h) for splashdown. The portion of the capsule which first contacted the water surface was built with crushable ribs to further mitigate the force of impact. The Apollo Command Module could safely parachute to an ocean landing with at least two parachutes (as occurred on Apollo 15), the third parachute being a safety precaution. (Source)

Damn, these guys at NASA are good!

To land right next to an aircraft carrier, coming down at 230 mph before being jerked to a slow halt as  three huge parachutes deployed,  along with hundreds of feet of parachute rope,  that miraculously do not appear in any pictures of the splashdown. hmmm.
Apollo 17 Splashdown (s10trav) Tags: nasa apollo apollo17

Where is the 3 large parachutes and harness lines that total hundreds of feet of rope that would of been all around the craft and nearby ocean?

Look the nose cone filled with equipment already. Can you imagine that tin can hitting the flat ocean and not killing all inside? Where’ the parachute lines?

Oh there are the main parachute lines. Really? Looked how wrapped all around, when not on any other landings. Also, those lines are like the ones around the floating rescue boats yet held 42,000 pounds of a tin can plus 3 main chutes?

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And if that isn’t enough, the astronots, the story goes, had to transfer out of the Command Module and back after the Moon mission by going outside in a space walk.

They would of had to carry all life support equipment as well as any moon rocks, etc brought back while they returned into the Command Module for the ride home!  hmmm

Spacecraft Gymnastics in Outer Space.

LM to CM Transfer EVA

After the lunar module and command/service module docked in lunar orbit, crew transfer would ordinarily involve the command module pilot removing the CM’s probe assembly and docking hatch, while the LM crew would open the LM’s docking hatch and remove the drogue.

In the event that some problem prevented the successful execution of this procedure, the LM crew would transfer to the CM via an EVA: They would exit the lunar module via the ingress/egress hatch and use the EVA handrail to move “up” the lunar module to the command module, where they would then use the CM’s EVA handles to move to the command module’s hatch.

A test of this procedure was planned for the Apollo 9 mission, but was canceled when Rusty Schweickart suffered a bout of space adaptation syndrome (space sickness).

Apollo Command Module to Lunar Module CM to LM transfer EVA

Space Gymnastics? They did this maneuver on every Apollo mission?

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Odds and Ends

Apollo 15 one Chute apparently did not deploy, yet miraculously did not entangle in other chute lines nor cause too much speed for astronots to hit ocean and die on impact.

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Apollo Parachute movie.  Note how many cut away’s and CGI while not showing all three chutes in deployment. Note how guy is reading from a script.

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Alleged  Apollo splashdown tests…note how hard it always hits.

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Bill Cooper worked at high levels of Navy Intelligence and was killed speaking out against what he knew

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